Anonymous asked: Is the spirit of the prenda a prisoner/slave? Why the padlock or chains?
That depends on the way the munanso of the Palero who owns the prenda works with nfumbe. In some munanso the nfumbe within the prenda is treated as a bound and enslaved spirit, and is forced and cajoled into moving and working. For them, the chain can be construed as part if that which binds the nfumbe to the prenda. This isn’t the case in munanso; in my line the nfumbe is a friend and co-worker, a respected entity who is treated honorably. We view the nganga as a complete and powerful being with deep connection to the Tata who works it….may as well be whipping yourself, whipping your prenda. We don’t need to use chains to “bind” the nfumbe to anything, as we work with pact and blood connection to join all together. The mkisi become part of your bloodline, become family. You don’t need a chain to bind your brother to you.